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Apollon Wiktionary

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In Archaic Greece he was the prophet, the oracular god who in older times was connected with “healing”. In Classical Greece he was the god of light and of music, but in popular religion he had a strong function to keep away evil. Walter Burkert discerned three components in the prehistory of Apollo worship, which he termed “a Dorian-northwest Greek component, a Cretan-Minoan component, and a Syro-Hittite component.”

  • In Rhodes they belong to Apollo and Dionysos who have destroyed the rats that were swallowing the grapes”. Martin Nilsson . pp. 534–535.
  • He is the inventor of string-music, and the frequent companion of the Muses, functioning as their chorus leader in celebrations.
  • He used his powers to conceal her pregnancy from her father.
  • Apollo appears as a minor character in Santa Monica Studio’s 2010 action-adventure game God of War III with his bow being used by Peirithous.
  • His children grew up to be physicians, musicians, poets, seers or archers.
  • Apollo then played his lyre and sang at the same time, mesmerising the audience.

He also killed Porphyrion, the king of giants, using his bow and arrows. Cinyras was a ruler of Cyprus, who was a friend of Agamemnon. Cinyras promised to assist Agamemnon in the Trojan war, but did not keep his promise.


A divinity beyond human comprehension, he appears both as a beneficial and a wrathful god. A temple of Pythian Apollo, was built in the 7th century B.C. The plan measured 19,00 x 16,70 m and it was not peripteral. The walls were solid, made from limestone, and there was single door on the east side.


Apollo was declared the winner and, angered with Marsyas’ haughtiness and his accusations, decided to flay the satyr. Marsyas was a satyr who was punished by Apollo for his hubris. He had found an aulos on the ground, tossed away after being invented by Athena because it made her cheeks puffy. Athena had also placed a curse upon the instrument, that whoever would pick it up would be severely punished.

If you would like more information, please contact us on. Through sharing stories, characters and adventures of Greek mythology with parents and children around the globe, we bring the stories of the past into the present for evermore. Apollon Rooms are built according to the traditional architecture, in colors of white and light blue.

Apollo fell in love with the instrument and offered to exchange the cattle for the lyre. After he was freed from his servitude to Eurystheus, Heracles fell in conflict with Iphytus, a prince of Oechalia, and murdered him. He consulted the oracle of Apollo once again, in hope of ridding himself of the disease.

In the pre-Hellenic period, their relationship was described as the one between husband and wife, and there seems to have been a tradition which actually described Artemis as the wife of Apollo. However, this relationship was never sexual but spiritual, which is why they both are seen being unmarried in the Hellenic period. Hestia, the goddess of the hearth, rejected both Apollo’s and Poseidon’s marriage proposals and swore that she would always stay unmarried.

K12.13 Apollo, Birth of Dionysus

According to other versions, she cried for help during the chase, and Gaia helped her by taking her in and placing a laurel tree in her place. According to Roman poet Ovid, the chase was brought about by Cupid, who hit Apollo with golden arrow of love and Daphne with leaden arrow of hatred. The myth explains the origin of the laurel and connection of Apollo with the laurel and its leaves, which his priestess employed at Delphi. The leaves became the symbol of victory and laurel wreaths were given to the victors of the Pythian games. Python was sent by Hera to hunt the pregnant Leto to death, and had assaulted her.

He taught Aristaeus more useful healing arts and sent him back to help the army of Dionysus. Apollo is one of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology. The national divinity of the Greeks, Apollo has been recognized as a god of archery, music and dance, truth and prophecy, healing and diseases, the Sun and light, poetry, and more. One of the most important and complex of the Greek gods, he is the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis, goddess of the hunt. Seen as the most beautiful god and the ideal of the kouros , Apollo is considered to be the most Greek of all the gods. Apollo is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu.


It contains column-bases of the Minoan type, which may be considered as the predecessors of the Doric columns. At Patara, in Lycia, there was a seasonal winter oracle of Apollo, said to have been the place where the god went from Delos. In Delos, there was an oracle to the Delian Apollo, during summer. The Hieron of Apollo adjacent to the Sacred Lake, was the place where the god was said to have been born.

K5.3 Apollo Fighting Heracles

Further, Apollo saved the king from Artemis’ wrath and also convinced the Moirai to postpone Admetus’ death once. During his exile, which lasted either for one year or nine years, Apollo served Admetus as a herdsman. The romantic nature of their relationship was first described by Callimachus of Alexandria, who wrote that Apollo was “fired with love” for Admetus. Plutarch lists Admetus as one of Apollo’s lovers and says that Apollo served Admetus because he doted upon him. Latin poet Ovid in his Ars Amatoria said that even though he was a god, Apollo forsook his pride and stayed in as a servant for the sake of Admetus. Tibullus describes Apollo’s love to the king as servitium amoris and asserts that Apollo became his servant not by force but by choice.

He earned his Master’s of Science degree in Biosecurity-Emergency Preparedness from St. Louis University in 2009. Live scores service at Sofascore livescore offers sports live scores, results and tables. Live score on livescore is automatically updated and you don’t need to refresh it manually. With adding games you want to follow in “My games” following your matches livescores, results and statistics will be even more simple.

Apollo as a handsome beardless young man, is often depicted with a cithara or bow in his hand, or reclining on a tree . The marble is a Hellenistic or Roman copy of a bronze original by the Greek sculptor Leochares, made between 350 and 325 BCE. The earliest examples of life-sized statues of Apollo may be two figures from the Ionic sanctuary on the island of Delos. Such statues were found across the Greek speaking world, the preponderance of these were found at the sanctuaries of Apollo with more than one hundred from the sanctuary of Apollo Ptoios, Boeotia alone. Significantly more rare are the life-sized bronze statues. One of the few originals which survived into the present day—so rare that its discovery in 1959 was described as “a miracle” by Ernst Homann-Wedeking—is the masterpiece bronze, Piraeus Apollo.

K5.6 Apollo Fighting Heracles

Angered by this, Apollo shot arrows infected with the plague into the Greek encampment. He demanded that they return the girl, and the Achaeans complied, indirectly causing the anger of Achilles, which is the theme of the Iliad. A devastated Niobe fled to Mount Sipylos in Asia Minor and turned into stone as she wept. Zeus had turned all the people of Thebes to stone and so no one buried the Niobids until the ninth day after their death, when the gods themselves entombed them. Soon after his return, Apollo needed to recruit people to Delphi.

Hecate, the goddess of witchcraft and magic, is the chthonic counterpart of Apollo. They both are cousins, since their mothers – Leto and Asteria – are sisters. One of Apollo’s epithets, Hecatos, is the masculine form of Hecate, and both the names mean “working from afar”. While Apollo presided over the prophetic powers and magic of light and heaven, Hecate presided over the prophetic powers and magic of night and chthonian darkness.

Apollo fulfilled her wish, but she went back on her word and rejected him soon after. Angered that she broke her promise, Apollo cursed her that even though she would see the future, no one would ever believe her prophecies. Additionally, Apollo fostered and educated Chiron, the centaur who later became the greatest teacher and educated many demigods, including Apollo’s sons. Apollo also fostered Carnus, the son of Zeus and Europa. The festival Hyacinthia was a national celebration of Sparta, which commemorated the death and rebirth of Hyacinthus.

It was so beautiful that Tmolus at once awarded the victory to Apollo, and everyone was pleased with the judgement. Only Midas dissented and questioned the justice of the award. Apollo did not want to suffer such a depraved pair of ears any longer, and caused them to become the ears of a donkey. Anius, Apollo’s son by Rhoeo, was abandoned by his mother soon after his birth. Anius later became the priest of Apollo and the king of Delos. Because of this people were very fond of him and started honouring him to the same extent as Zeus.

He says that the matter should be brought before Athena. Apollo promises to protect Orestes, as Orestes has become Apollo’s supplicant. Apollo advocates Orestes at the trial, and ultimately Athena rules in favor of Apollo. Apollo sired many children, from mortal women and nymphs as well as the goddesses. His children grew up to be physicians, musicians, poets, seers or archers.

The Hyperboreans always sang and danced in his honor and hosted Pythian games. There, a vast forest of beautiful trees was called “the garden of Apollo”. What is Apollon His absence from the world caused coldness and this was marked as his annual death. He returned to the world during the beginning of the spring.